The Building of St Paul’s Church, Birmingham in the 1770s

The Advowson of St Paul’s

As it transpired, Colmore died in 1794 before any further vacancy in the incumbency arose. At his death, the patronage will have passed to his heir, Lionel, who died in 1807, when Caroline will have succeeded him. The next vacancy arose at the death of the Revd Young, in 1817, but in readiness for that the right of nomination and presentation had been purchased by the congregation for Rann Kennedy, presumably from Caroline. If it is assumed that it cost at least £200, then it would mean that the net effect for the Colmore Estate was that they paid nothing of the £1000 and still retained the patronage. Shortly before he died Charles Colmore had added a codicil to his will stipulating that if Lionel and Caroline died without issue, his estates were to go to his “dear friend” the Marquess of Hertford, failing whom, his son Lord Yarmouth. In 1825, when it appeared that Caroline was unlikely to marry, or more to the point, since she was then approaching 60,was unlikely to have issue, Caroline applied to the Court of Chancery for permission to raise large sums of money. As the Marquess of Hertford would be the beneficiary at her death he had to agree such a move. This he does in a manuscript in the City Archives 40 dated November 20th 1826 and entitled “Release from the most Noble Francis Charles Seymour Conway, Marquess of Hertford, to Caroline Colmore….spinster, of messuages, lands and appurtenances in Birmingham, and the advowson and perpetual right of patronage and presentation of in and to the perpetual curacy of St Paul in Birmingham”. The assets to be disposed of included the advowson of St Paul’s. Within days, on December 1st, another deed was signed 41, this time for the conveyance of the advowson of St Paul’s. The parties to the deed were Caroline Colmore, Edward Latimer of Headington, Oxon, and Edward William Forty Latimer of Lincoln College Oxford. This deed was held by the trustees of St Martin’s and was deposited at the City Archives by the solicitors Ryland Martineau and Co. Edward Latimer was a well known wine merchant with premises in “the High” in Oxford. Through Mrs Latimer’s aunt, the Latimers became Lords of the Manor of Heddington living at Headington House. Mrs Latimer gave birth to fifteen children in seventeen years, twelve of whom survived to adulthood. Of the twelve, Edward William Forty was the second son, and in 1826 he was studying at Lincoln College, obtaining his BA in 1827. The deed states that “out of regard to the said Edward Latimer and to testify her sense of the services which he hath rendered to her…(she) hath determined freely and voluntarily to give and to grant the said advowson to the use and benefit of the said Edward Latimer his heirs and assigns for ever in manner hereinafter expressed”. Presumably the services Edward Latimer rendered were those of a wine merchant. The “manner “Caroline had devised was then revealed. With the approval of Edward Latimer, and for a consideration of ten shillings, the advowson was to go to Edward William Forty Latimer, during Edward’s life. However, Rann Kennedy had a perpetual curacy so no vacancy arose at St Paul’s for many years. Edward William Forty looked elsewhere and became Rector of Waddesdon . Edward died in 1845 and in his will he left the advowson of St Paul’s to the fourth son, the Revd George Burton Potts Latimer. At the retirement of Rann Kennedy in 1848, George Latimer presented himself to the bishop and became the next minister of St Paul’s, so a patron became a minister. What followed was a not-so-straightforward story still being researched.

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